period makeups: seventeenth-century Holland

The Miniaturist
Tulip Fever
Nightwatching
Girl with a Pearl Earring
others

Period makeups: Seventeenth-century Dutch Republic

The Dutch Republic was the formal creation of a confederacy in 1581 by several Dutch provinces (which had earlier seceded from the Spanish rule); it was the predecessor state of the modern Netherlands and the first nation state of the Dutch people.

During the Golden Age in the late sixteenth and seventeenthth centuries, the Dutch Republic dominated world trade, conquering a vast colonial empire and operating the largest fleet of merchantmen of any nation. The County of Holland was the wealthiest and most urbanized region in the world. Until 1712 the Dutch also possessed one of the strongest and fastest navies in the world, allowing for their varied conquests, including breaking the Portuguese sphere of influence on the Indian Ocean and in the Orient, as well as a lucrative slave trade from Africa and the Pacific.