Late Antiquity & Early Medieval periods overlap covering the centuries from the end of the Western Roman Empire to around the eleventh century. This is broadly the period historians used to call the ‘Dark Ages’. That concept of pejorative historical periodisation originated with the Italian scholar Petrarch in the 1330s, but the term itself only came into use in the seventeenth century. Historians expanded the term to refer to the transitional period between Roman times and the High Middle Ages (or even up to the Renaissance) characterised by a lack of Latin literature, a lack of contemporary written history, general demographic decline, limited building activity, and a lack of material cultural achievements in general.
In movie terms this period is primarily populated by King Arthur, the Saxons and the VikingsVikings.
The Saxons originated in various Germanic tribes members of which settled in large parts of Britain in the aftermath of the collapse of the Western Roman Empire. Their descendants and Britons who had adopted their culture became the Anglo-Saxons who eventually established the Kingdom of England.
The Vikings were Norse seafarers who raided and traded from their Scandinavian homelands across wide areas of northern and central Europe, as well as European Russia, from the late eighth to the eleventh century. The term is also commonly extended in modern English and other vernaculars to the inhabitants of Viking’s home communities. The period from the earliest recorded raids in the 790s until the Norman conquest of England in 1066 is commonly known as the Viking Age of Scandinavian history.
The Vikings established themselves in France, where they were later granted feudal overlordship of the Duchy of Normandy; England, where they ruled the Danelaw and Sweyn Forkbeard and and his son Cnut the Great became kings of England in the eleventh century the Isle of Man; parts of Ireland, Scottish islands; Iceland; and Greenland.