Tattooing has been practiced for centuries in many cultures and spread throughout the world. Tattoos may serve as rites of passage, marks of status and rank, symbols of religious and spiritual devotion, decorations for bravery, sexual lures and marks of fertility, pledges of love, punishment, amulets and talismans, protection, and as the marks of outcasts, slaves and convicts. The symbolism and impact of tattoos varies in different places and cultures.
The Ainu, an indigenous people of Japan, traditionally had facial tattoos, as did the Austroasians. Today, one can find Atayal, Seediq, Truku, and Saisiyat of Taiwan, Berbers of Tamazgha (North Africa), Yoruba, Fulani and Hausa people of Nigeria, and Mori of New Zealand with facial tattoos.
The Flying Swords of Dragon Gate (2011): This was the second remake of Dragon Gate Inn (1966) and was also the first wuxia film shot in 3D. It featured Lun Mei Gwei, with darkened skin and facial tattoos, as a Tribal princess. Fung-Yin Cheng was the makeup artist.
Hell on Wheels (2011): This TV series is set against the construction of construction of the first transcontinental railroad in the years after the Civil War. Eva (Robin McLeavy) is a woman with a prominent chin tattoo given to her while in the captivity of Indians. She initially supports herself by working in a brothel. Gail Kennedy was the makeup department head for the first two seasons; Sharon Toohey was the makeup department head for the third season.
The Passion (2008): Jesus and his disciples encounter Mina (Vinette Robinson), a prostitute, in Jerusalem. Alison Elliott was the makeup designer.
The Last Temptation of Christ (1988): Tortured by the love of a man unable to reciprocate her feelings, the prostitute Mary Magdalene (Barbara Hershey) gives up her craft to follow Jesus of Nazareth. But as his mission nears fulfillment, Jesus must face the greatest temptation – the normal life of a good man. Manlio Rocchetti was the makeup supervisor.